Types of structures

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Different kinds of social structure include for example discourses, socioeconomic structures (suchas distribution of wealth), formal structures (such as laws) and social norms. When it comesto social norms, we should distinguish between prescriptive norms for how people ought tobe, descriptive norms for how people are assumed to be, and mixed norms such as norms forwhat kinds of behavior (and from whom) we should view as “unfortunate but unavoidable”.

Note that a structure can be more or less hegemonic, and that this can differ between different contexts: A social norm which is hegemonic in one context can be alternative in another, or vice versa. Also note that when a structure is squarely on an individual level of context, then it can be calld a mental structure rather than a social structure.